Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) has been proven to be the most effective method of autism intervention.
It is a widely-researched scientific approach that utilizes principles of learning to help increase behaviors that are supportive to the achievement of life goals and decrease undesirable behaviors.
ABA at Trellis
ABA is core to everything we do at Trellis. Our programs are designed to develop language and social skills within developmentally appropriate play activities and natural family routines. Click below to learn more about our programs, including ABA services funded through commercial health insurance.
- ABA Funded Through Health Insurance
- Love 2 Learn Early Intervention Clinic
- Maryland Autism Waiver Services
- The Trellis School
ABA is often referred to as “the science of learning.” It is a systematic process of choosing a target behavior, defining the goal of behavior change and analyzing the interventions that were implemented to determine if the desirable outcome was reached. At its core, ABA is about gathering data and analyzing that data to support systematic behavior modification programs.
Often in ABA, behavior is shaped by breaking down skills into small, understandable steps that are taught separately. Once each step is learned separately they are strung together into a targeted behavior or task.
For example, a child with a goal of sitting at the table with his/her peers may first work on sitting in a chair by himself for short intervals of time and gradually increase the time and number of classmates in the area. The long term goal isn’t just to have the child sit at a table during a group session, but for that child to be an engaged participating member at the end.
ABA looks at the small, understandable steps that are necessary for teaching a larger skill. For example, a child has a goal to sit at the table with his/her peers. The teacher would teach the necessary skills separately – such as sitting alone for short intervals, increasing those intervals, sitting near peers, etc. Using an ABA approach, each step of the teaching process is clearly defined. The teacher records the interventions that were used, the child’s responses, what changes were implemented, and what outcomes were observed in order to determine the most effective method that helped the learner gain valuable skills. That information can then be used across a variety of learning opportunities.